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Calendula : how to grow, soil conditions and what care should be taken.




Calendula is an annual or short-lived herbaceous perennial growing from 1 to 3 feet tall. Calendula makes flowers of orange or yellow, with single rows of petals or “doubles”—they glow like the sun. Calendula is a cultigen, meaning that the plant we currently use is the product of ages of human selection (mainly occurring in southern Europe) from the wild Mediterranean ancestor (wild calendula = Calendula arvensis). The plant is a prolific self-seeder. The part used is the whole flower, either fresh or dried.
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds.

Growing Conditions for Calendula

– Calendula is easily grown from seed and may be sown directly in the garden from early spring on into summer, with plenty of time left to get a good harvest of flowers.
– Tolerant of poor soils, calendula will grow in partial shade or full sun.
– The plant requires regular watering.
– Sometimes known as “pot marigold,” calendula is easily grown in pots on the doorstep or in window boxes.
– Ideal for children, the seeds are large and easily handled.
– Sow about ¼ inch deep and pat down the row.
– Keep weeded and thin to 6 inches to 1 foot apart.
– The first flowers are produced only 40 to 50 days after seed germination.
– Harvest is best done in the late morning, after the dew dries. As soon as the flowers come into their prime, pick them off.
– After the first harvest, pick again in a few days, when the newly developing flowers reach maturity.

Uses of Calendula

– The flower heads and dried florets of Calendula were typically used in medicine.
– Other uses include coloring dye and food flavoring.
– It was first used in Culpepper to relieve headaches, toothaches, swelling and for heart strengthening.
– The plant has also been used for aromatherapy, to treat eczema, scars, dry skin and other skin irritants.
– Other than medical use, the plant can also be used in culinary recipes.





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