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More details about Daffodils

Daffodils, the flowers symbolising friendship, are one of the most popular flowers exclusively due to their unmatched beauty. Daffodils belong to the genus Narcissus. Sometimes the word Narcissus is used for them. Narcissus is the Latin or botanical name for all daffodils, just as ilex is for hollies. Daffodil is the common name for all members of the genus Narcissus. Put another way, Narcissus is the botanic name for a genus of mainly hardy, mostly spring-flowering, bulbs in the Amaryllis family native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia. There are also several Narcissus species that bloom in the autumn.
The name Narcissus is derived from that of the youth of Greek mythology called Narcissus, who, in at least one of many variations of the tale, became so obsessed with his own reflection as he kneeled and gazed into a pool of water that he fell into the water and drowned. The legend continues that the Narcissus plant first sprang from where he died.
There are a great variety of daffodils avaialable, so how many are there actually ? Botanists differ, but there are at least 25 species, some with a great many different forms, and several natural hybrids. In addition to the species, the current printout of the Daffodil Data Bank lists over 13,000 hybrids which are divided among the twelve divisions of the official classification.
Daffodil flowers have a trumpet-shaped structure surrounded by a ring of six floral leaves called the periant set against a star-shaped background. Often the trumpet is in a contrasting color from the background. Though the traditional daffodil of folklore, poetry, and field may have a yellow to golden-yellow color all over, both in the wild species and due to breeding, the perianth and corona may be variously colored. Breeders have developed some daffodils with double, triple, or ambiguously multiple rows and layers of segments, and several wild species also have known double variants.
Daffodils are constantly recurring flowers. Where climate is moderate, Daffodils flourish among the first spring buds. In the United States, Daffodils are quite tolerant of cold, especially with a covering of snow, and are grown to the Canadian border. The only exceptions are a few tender cultivars, usually tazettas, such as the popular Paper White. Daffodils can also be grown throughout the South with the exception of parts of Florida which are free of frost. A cold treatment—natural or induced—is needed for flower bud initiation.
Daffodils grow well in zones 3-8, and need at least half a day of sun. They are not particular about soil type or pH. Most grow to a height of 10-18 inches.
* Plant in the fall before the ground freezes, but late enough that the bulb will not begin to grow.
* When deciding where to plant, remember that their little faces will follow the sun.
* Dig a hole three times as deep as the bulb is wide.
* Cover the bulbs with soil and tap down to remove air pockets.
* Don’t fertilize when planting. A little bone meal in the spring is all they will need.
Depth, as a general rule, needs to be thrice the height. This means large bulbs should have depth of 6 to 8 inches, medium size 3-6 inches and smaller size 2-3 inches. Always remember that the load of soil prove helpful to protect the bulbs from breaking too easily and keep them upright for a longer duration. If this fact is ignored and enough depth is not given then the Daffodil will bend down very soon. Though Daffodil blooms will come in bigger clumps, the bulbs and flowers will be scant.

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