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Puccinellia Nutkaensis, also known as Nootka alkali grass

Images of Puccinellia Nutkaensis at google.com

Puccinellia Nutkaensis is also known by the following names:
• Nootka alkali grass
• Alaska alkali grass

It is native to:
• North America
• from Alaska
• across northern Canada
• to Greenland
• Nova Scotia
• down the west coast of the United States
• to the Central Coast of California

Habitat
- coastline in wet areas
- rocky
- sandy saline soils
- salt marshes
- inter-tidal zone in Alaska
- cold saltwater during high tides
• This species is a perennial bunch-grass.
• This plant is quite different in appearance.
• It takes a petite and a clumpy form.
• It grows up to a height of 90 centimeters.
• It bears robust inflorescence.
• These types of grasses grow in moist conditions, generally in saline or alkaline conditions.
• Puccinellia belongs to Poaceae family.

Scientific Classification of Puccinellia Nutkaensis

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Monocots
• (unranked) : Commelinids
• Order : Poales
• Family : Poaceae
• Genus : Puccinellia
• Species : P. nutkaensis
Binomial name : Puccinellia nutkaensis

Growing/Caring conditions

• Puccinellia seed ought to be sown in gently cultivated soil which has excellent weed control right after the break in season.
• Sowing rates are between 6 – 10kg/ha.
• More saline the ground is, the dense the bed of seed ought to be i .e., the higher the percentage of seed employed.
• When sowing on clean scalds, seed is generally sown without turning round later on.
• Results to date demonstrate puccinellia does respond well to nitrogen-based fertilizer.
• The ideal response is from an autumn/winter practical application (i.e., applied shortly after the seasonal break).
• This strategy is good in supplying the space such that it does not get waterlogged within four weeks of use of urea.
• Plant appearance might take as much as two months.
• Make sure absolutely no grazing takes place in the initial ten to twelve months, enabling the stands to originate properly.
• Most important is the fact that Puccinellia is not greatly grazed for lengthy duration.
• Puccinellia most likely will turn out to be invasive in non-agricultural regions.
• To avoid this danger it is strongly recommended that sowing must enable buffer zones besides these ‘at risk’ areas.

The following buffer ranges for public and also local vegetation areas is suggested:
- 100 metres from saline areas
- 50 metres from poorly drained areas
- 50 metres from waterways
- 25 metres from other non-agricultural areas

Pests
• The red legged earth mite is known to damage the most damage in the establishment period.
• It is a pest that has to be monitored and controlled.

Puccinellia Maritima, also known as Seaside alkali grass or Common saltmarsh-grass

Images of Puccinellia Maritima at google.com

Puccinellia maritima is also known by the names:
• Seaside alkali grass
• Common saltmarsh-grass
• Sea poa grass

It is native to:
• Western Europe
• Most of North East North America

It grows in:
- Moist
- Usually saline soils
• It is a species of alkali grass.
• It can grow up to a height of 80 cm.
• The leaves are of grayish-green color.

Characteristics of Puccinellia Maritima

• Habitat: aquatic terrestrial wetlands
• Found in: New England state
Connecticut
- Maine
- Massachusetts
- New Hampshire
- Vermont
• Leaf blade width: 2–4.4 mm
• Inflorescence branches with flowers attached to them and not to the main axis.
• Spikelet length: 5.5–13 mm

Glume
- Awn on glume
- The glume has no awn
- One or more florets
- There is more than one floret per spikelet
• Leaf ligule length; 1–3.5 mm
• Anther length: 1.5–2.6 mm

Scientific Classification of Puccinellia Maritima

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Monocots
• (unranked) : Commelinids
• Order : Poales
• Family : Poaceae
• Genus : Puccinellia
• Species : P. maritima
• Binomial name : Puccinellia maritima

Growing/Caring conditions

• Puccinellia seed ought to be sown in gently cultivated soil which has excellent weed control right after the break in season.
• Sowing rates are between 6 – 10kg/ha.
• More saline the ground is, the dense the bed of seed ought to be i .e., the higher the percentage of seed employed.
• When sowing on clean scalds, seed is generally sown without turning round later on.
• Results to date demonstrate puccinellia does respond well to nitrogen-based fertilizer.
• The ideal response is from an autumn/winter practical application (i.e., applied shortly after the seasonal break).
• This strategy is good in supplying the space such that it does not get waterlogged within four weeks of use of urea.
• Plant appearance might take as much as two months.
• Make sure absolutely no grazing takes place in the initial ten to twelve months, enabling the stands to originate properly.
• Most important is the fact that Puccinellia is not greatly grazed for lengthy duration.
• Puccinellia most likely will turn out to be invasive in non-agricultural regions.
• To avoid this danger it is strongly recommended that sowing must enable buffer zones besides these ‘at risk’ areas.

The following buffer ranges for public and also local vegetation areas is suggested:
- 100 metres from saline areas
- 50 metres from poorly drained areas
- 50 metres from waterways
- 25 metres from other non-agricultural areas

Pests
• The red legged earth mite is known to damage the most damage in the establishment period.
• It is a pest that has to be monitored and controlled.

Pittosporum Tobira belongs to the Pittosporum family

Images of Pittosporum Tobira at google.com

Pittosporum Tobira belongs to the Pittosporum family. It is a species of flowering plant.

Overview of Pittosporum Tobira

• The common names include:
- Japanese pittosporum
- Japanese mock-orange
- Japanese cheesewood
• It is native to:
- Japan
- China
- Korea
• Uses of Pittosporum Tobira:
- ornamental plant in landscaping
- cut foliage
• It is a shrub.
• It can grow up to a height of 10 m and is 3 m broad.
• The plant can also be trimmed into a hedge.
• The leaves are oval in shape.
• Their edges curl.
• They are up to a length of 10 cm.

Common pests include:
• Aphids
• Mites
• Leafhoppers
• The cotton cushiony scale
• Root-knot nematodes
• Pit-making pittosporum scale
• Pathogen Erythricium salmonicolor

Diseases:
• galls
• dieback disease (pink limb blight)

Scientific Classification of Pittosporum

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Eudicots
• (unranked) : Asterids
• Order : Apiales
• Family : Pittosporaceae
• Genus : Pittosporum
• Species : P. tobira
• Binomial name : Pittosporum tobira

Growing/Caring conditions

Cultivation particulars
• Succeeds for most well-drained soils.
• Needs fairly high quality in full sun or light shade.
• Achieves results in dry soils.
• Extremely resistant to maritime subjection.
• Established plants are drought tolerant.
• Hardy to roughly -10°c
• Succeeds outside on the coastline of S. England and in London.
• Plants might be approximately 10m tall in their indigenous habitat, however, seldom exceed 2m in Britain.
• There exist certain named forms, chosen for their decorative value.
• The blossoms are extremely fragrant with a fragrance comparable to orange blossom which enables you to pervade the air for a substantial distance.
• Extremely amenable to pruning, plants may be cut right back to old wood if needed.
• The species in this genus are extremely prone to hybridize with members of the genus.
• While developing a species from seed it is very important to make sure that the seed either originates from a known wild source, or perhaps from remote specimens in cultivation.
• Vegetation in this genus is particularly immune to honey fungus.

Propagation
• Seed – sow while ripe in the autumn or perhaps in late winter in a comfortable greenhouse.
• The seed generally germinates readily.
• Prick away the seedlings into separate pots while they are large enough to cope with, shift the plants to a cold frame right after they are developed and grow out late in the next spring.
• Consider providing them certain protection from the cold throughout their first winter outside.
• Cuttings of half-ripe wood, five to seven centimeters with a heel can be taken in July/August.
• Basal ripe-wood cuttings should be taken in late autumn in a cold frame.

Pingao, Ficinia spiralis is a vcoastal sedge

Images of P?ngao or Ficinia spiralis at google.com

Pingao, Ficinia spiralis is commonly known as golden sand sedge. It is coastal sedge.

Overview of P?ngao or Ficinia spiralis

• It is native to New Zealand.
• This plant is used for its leaves for weaving by people of Maori.
• When dried the leaves, turn yellow.
• It is a grass plant which is stout.
• It can grow up to a height of 30-90cm.
• It bears rope like stolons that are tough and long.
• They have extensive stolons.
• The leaves are stationed on dense tufts.
• The leaves are narrow and about 2-5mm in width.
• The leaves are orange to yellow in color.
• They appear as orange hue when seen from a distance.
• The plant can reproduce itself by stolons.

Scientific Classification of P?ngao or Ficinia spiralis

• Kingdom : Plantae
• (unranked) : Angiosperms
• (unranked) : Monocots
• (unranked) : Commelinids
• Order : Poales
• Family : Cyperaceae
• Genus : Ficinia
• Species : F. spiralis
• Binomial name : Ficinia spiralis

Growing/Caring conditions

Cultivation Details
• In December/January, head to the local beach and also locate a site that has a good population of pingao growing.
• Gather seeds when the seed heads are normally dry to ensure that whenever you run your fingers over the seed head, the seed starts to fall out.
• Cut off the entire seed head with a sharp knife. Keep the closest seed heads to the one you may have selected to self seed normally onto the sand to make sure population growth in that region.
• After you have collected enough seed heads, take them with you back to the house for drying. You will find countless seeds in every one seed head.
• Place the seed heads into a sack and hang around of out of reach of mice. Leave the seed heads to dry out for 1 month, after that put in airtight jars. Leave them until July/ August.

JULY/AUGUST – PLANTING THE SEED IN SEED TRAYS
• Get your seed trays prepared by combining in approximately one third beach sand with two thirds potting mixture.
• Seize a tool and scrape the seed from the seed heads. Do that over a dried up container to trap the seeds. You will definitely get some husks or even chaff in your container too, however don’t bother about this.
• Spread the seed into the prepared seed trays, as you will spread salt and pepper onto the food. Cover gently with soil and always keep seed trays inside or even guarded from the wind, rain and frost.
• Keep the seed trays on a water tray to be watered from the bottom.
• Do not over water.
• Let the seeds germinate to approximately 15cm tall. This takes two months.

NOVEMBER/DECEMBER – TRANSFERRING THE SEEDLINGS INTO A ROOT TRAINER
• Prick out the seedlings and place them in root containers.